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Discipline

 
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Picture: © Mike Baker
 

It is the opinion of the Bradford Premier League Management Board that abuse, dissent and violent conduct must be removed from the game of cricket. Following consultation with all stake holders the league's disciplinary procedures have been revised. Bradford League umpires have a responsibility for reporting unsatisfactory conduct by member clubs, their players, officials or supporters. Umpires may award five penalty runs where they consider the team and or individual are not abiding by the ECB Code of Conduct. This will form part of the disciplinary procedure.

Unsatisfactory conduct shall include, but not be limited to: 
Dissent at an umpire’s decision or reaction in a provocative or disapproving manner, whether verbal or written. 
Physical abuse, intimidation, assault or attempt to intimidate or assault an umpire, official, player or spectator. 
The use of crude, foul or abusive language or the making of offensive gestures or hand signals whether directed at an individual or otherwise. 
Excessive sledging of an opponent or persistent appealing in order to put pressure on an umpire. 
Any form of abuse or discrimination, relating to race, religion, creed, or of any other nature. Wilful damage to property, equipment or playing surface. 
Ungentlemanly conduct or any other action that is likely to bring the League, Club or Game of Cricket into disrepute or prejudice its good name or interests. 
Repeated infringements of the Spirit of Cricket either by an individual or a team, where each Infringement, in itself, does not warrant any disciplinary action. (Such instances will result in a Disciplinary Hearing and the captain will be held responsible for the conduct of his team). 

Reporting 
Umpires should report all incidents of unsatisfactory conduct, as per disciplinary procedures, using the umpires' report card and or the new Disciplinary Report Form. Reports should be succinct and record what happened and what was said. 

Action
The League to instigate an inquiry/hearing. 
The club will be asked to conduct an internal inquiry whose findings are considered by a League Disciplinary Panel.
This could be a report to be put on record and may be taken into account if there are any subsequent offences.
The League Disciplinary Panel will agree, depending on the seriousness of the offence, what action should be taken. 

Appeals 
Anyone handed a penalty as a result of the above has a right of appeal. 

 
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Picture: © Mike Baker JCT600 Bradford League
 

1.1 CODE OF CONDUCT
1.1.1 The ECB is committed to maintaining the highest standards of behaviour and conduct. This Code of Conduct incorporates the Spirit of Cricket, as set out below. It applies to all matches played under the auspices of the ECB and may be applied to cricket in general.
1.1.2 The captains are responsible at ALL times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of Cricket as well as within the Laws.
1.1.3 Players and team officials must at ALL times accept the umpire’s decision. Players must not show dissent at the umpires decision or react in a provocative or disapproving manner towards another player or a spectator.
1.1.4 Players and team officials shall not intimidate, assault or attempt to intimidate or assault an umpire, another player or a spectator.
1.1.5 Players and team officials shall not use crude and/or abusive language (known as ‘Sledging’) nor make offensive gestures or hand signals nor deliberately distract an opponent.
1.1.6 Players and team officials shall not make racially abusive comments nor indulge in racially abusive actions against fellow players, officials, members and supporters. Clubs must operate an active open door membership policy whilst respecting player  qualification regulations and welcome players/members irrespective of ethnic origin.
1.1.7 Players and team officials shall not use or in any way be concerned in the use or distribution of illegal drugs.
1.1.8 Clubs must take adequate steps to ensure the good behaviour of their members and supporters towards players and umpires.

1.2 SPIRIT OF CRICKET
Cricket is a game that owes much of its unique appeal to the fact that it should be played not only within its Laws, but also within the Spirit of the Game. Any action which is seen to abuse this spirit causes injury to the game itself. The major responsibility for ensuring the spirit of fair play rests with the captains.
1.2.1 There are two Laws which place the responsibility for the team's conduct firmly on the captain.
Responsibility of Captains
The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of the Game as well as within the Laws.
Players' Conduct
In the event of any player failing to comply with the instructions of an umpire, criticising his decision by word or action. showing dissent, or generally behaving in a manner which might bring the game into disrepute, the umpire concerned shall in the first place report the matter to the other umpire and to the player's captain, requesting the latter to take action.
1.2.2 Fair and Unfair Play
According to the Laws the umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. The umpires may intervene at any time, and it is the responsibility of the captain to take action where required.
1.2.3 The umpires are authorised to intervene in cases of:
Time wasting.
Damaging the pitch.
Dangerous or unfair bowling.
Tampering with the ball.
Any other action that they consider to be unfair.
1.2.4 The Spirit of the Game involves RESPECT for:
Your opponents.
Your own captain and team.
The role of the umpires.
The game's traditional values.
1.2.5 It is against the Spirit of the Game:
To dispute an umpire's decision by word, action or gesture.
To direct abusive language towards an opponent or umpire.
To indulge in cheating or any sharp practice, for instance.
a) appeal knowing the batsman is not out.
b) advance towards an umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing,
c) seek to distract an opponent either verbally or by harassment with persistent clapping or unnecessary noise under the guise of enthusiasm and motivation of one's own side.
1.2.6 Violence
There is no place for any act of violence on the field of play.
1.2.7 Players
Captains and umpires together set the tone for the conduct of a cricket match. Every player is expected to make an important contribution to this.
1.3 Disciplinary Action
Failure to comply with the provisions of this Paragraph 1 may lead to disciplinary action, irrespective of an alleged breach being related to a match not under the jurisdiction of the League.

2 AIMS AND JURISIDICTION
These regulations shall apply to any player who plays for any club in the JCT600 Bradford League and in matches at any level under the auspices of the ECB/YCB.

3 PROCEDURE
3.1 Umpires may award a five run penalty for any misconduct deemed to breach the Code of Conduct or Spirit of Cricket. In addition, if appropriate, the offence may also be reported to the League for disciplinary action.
If only five penalty runs are awarded the details should be recorded on the umpires report card before submission to the League. If five penalty runs are imposed, the player(s) and captain MUST be informed and also advised if, in addition, the incident will be reported. The umpires will also ensure that any penalty runs have been noted by the scorers at the point of award. Umpires should only, when appropriate, impose five penalty runs on the first occasion they are confronted by any on-field indiscipline, in any one innings. Any further offences by the same team, in either innings, will be subject to disciplinary action by submitting a report form to the League. The player(s) and captain, who will also be reportable, must be informed of the intended action.
3.2 Any breach of the Code of Conduct or Spirit of Cricket shall be notified initially by telephone to the League Disciplinary Chairman by 10pm on the day following the match. Written details will be supplied within 48 hours of the completion of the match on the Disciplinary Report Form.Any breach of the Code of Conduct or Spirit of Cricket shall be notified initially by telephone to the League Disciplinary Chairman by 10pm on the day following the match. Written details will be supplied within 48 hours of the completion of the match on the Disciplinary Report Form which can be found on the league website under the discipline section.
3.3 Any complaint made by a person other than a match umpire must be made in writing to the League Disciplinary Chairman who will then follow the procedure set out in 3.4.
3.4 Within 24 hours of receiving confirmation of a complaint the League Disciplinary Chairman will contact a senior official of the club whose player/ players or team have been reported and inform them of the details. The Disciplinary Report Form completed by the match umpires will be forwarded to a club official for consideration within an Internal Club inquiry. The outcome of the Club Inquiry must be notified to the Disciplinary Chairman prior to the League's Disciplinary Hearing. The date on which the panel will consider the case will usually be within ten days of the offence and confirmed in writing.

4 DISCIPLINARY HEARING
4.1 The Hearing shall be conducted by a Disciplinary Panel of the League which shall consist of not less than three persons, none of whom shall be connected with the player, the club or their opponents at the time of the alleged breach
4.2 Adjournments will only be granted at the discretion of the League Disciplinary Chairman.
4.3 The player, captain and if appropriate a club official will be required to attend the hearing, state their case (in the case of a club by its secretary or other official),to be supported by a colleague and to call witnesses.

5 PENALTIES
5.1 If at the hearing the Disciplinary Committee finds the alleged offence proved it shall have the power to impose one or more of the following penalties, together with such order as to costs as it deems appropriate:
5.2 In the case of a player:
5.2.1 To require the player to submit appropriate letter(s) of apology within a specified time.
5.2.2 To record a reprimand and to give a warning as to further conduct.
5.2.3 To impose a fine.
5.2.4 To suspend the player for a stated period of time.
5.2.5 To deduct League points from the player's team.
5.2.6 To expel the player from the League.
5.3 In the case of a club:
5.3.1 To require the club to submit appropriate letter(s) of apology within a specified time.
5.3.2 To record a reprimand and to give a warning as to future conduct.
5.3.3 To impose a fine.
5.3.4 To deduct League points from the club’s team(s).
5.3.5 To relegate to any lower division of the League.
5.3.6 To expel the club from any competition of the League.
5.3.7 To expel the club from the League.
5.4 The Disciplinary Panel shall have the power to suspend part of the penalty it imposes for such period and subject to such terms and conditions it deems appropriate.
5.5 Decisions of the Disciplinary Panel: A finding that a complaint is proved or not proved or a decision on penalty shall be by majority vote, where necessary the Disciplinary Panel Chairman shall have a casting vote.

6 APPEALS PROCEDURE
6.1 A player or club shall have the right of appeal to the Appeals Committee. Notice of Appeal setting out the grounds must be given in writing to the League Disciplinary Chairman within seven days of the decision of the Disciplinary Panel, together with a deposit of £50.
6.2 If Notice of Appeal is given the penalty shall not take effect pending the hearing of the Appeal, which shall take place as soon as it is practicable.
6.3 The Appeal shall be by way of re-hearing before a different Panel. The composition of the Panel shall be at the discretion of the Chairman of the League and shall consist of not less than three persons, none of whom shall be connected with the player, the club or their opponents at the time of the alleged breach. The player or club shall have the same rights of attendance and representation, and to call witnesses as they had before the Disciplinary Panel.
6.4 The Appeals Panel may confirm, vary or reverse the decision of the Disciplinary Panel and it shall have the power to increase the penalty and award costs of the Appeal hearing. Decisions of the Appeal Panel shall be by majority vote, where necessary, the Chairman shall have a casting vote.
6.5 The decision of the Appeal Committee or, if no appeal, of the Disciplinary Panel, shall be final and binding.

7 INTERNAL CLUB INQUIRY
7.1 The Club of its own volition and without any need for the receipt of a written complaint or other prompting shall, where any alleged case of conduct which is not fair and proper occurs as stated in Paragraph 1 above, or otherwise as the club may think fit, forthwith convene an Internal Club Inquiry.
7.2 The purpose of the Internal Club Inquiry shall be to establish the facts and, where appropriate, to take the necessary disciplinary action so as to ensure that the club does not fail properly to control or discipline its player or players and to ensure that the club acts in a manner designed to protect the good name of the club and of cricket generally.
7.3 Any player requested to attend such an Internal Club Inquiry or any appeal there from, shall be entitled to be accompanied at the Inquiry by a friend or other representative.

8 PENALTIES
8.1 If the Internal Club Inquiry finds the misconduct proved, the club shall have the following powers:
8.1.1 To require the player to write letter(s) of apology within a specified time.
8.1.2 To record a reprimand and to give a warning as to future conduct.
8.1.3 To impose a fine.
8.1.4 To suspend the player's right to be considered for selection by the club to play in one or more matches.
8.1.5 To suspend the player's membership of the club for a period.
8.1.6 If the conduct constitutes gross misconduct the club shall have the power to terminate the player’s membership forthwith.
8.2 The club for the same offence may, if it is thought fit, impose more than one of the above penalties.

9 APPEAL PROCEDURE
9.1 The player shall have the right to appeal to the President of the club or to the President's nominee for a review of the findings of the Internal Club Inquiry and of the penalty or penalties imposed.
9.2 The decision of the President or his nominee in all cases shall be final and binding.

 
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Picture: © Mike Baker JCT600 Bradford League
 

RULES OF NATURAL JUSTICE
The rules of natural justice are the minimum standards of fair decision-making imposed on persons or bodies acting in a judicial capacity. The standard of proof shall be on the balance of probabilities rather than the criminal standard of beyond reasonable doubt.
The rules of natural justice consist of the following elements:
(i) The right to a fair hearing.
(ii) The rule against bias.
The right to a fair hearing
The right to a fair hearing requires that an individual shall not be penalised by a decision affecting his rights or legitimate expectations unless he has been given prior notice of the case against him and a fair opportunity to answer the case against him and to produce his own case.
a) Prior notice of the hearing
The accused person should be given adequate notice of the allegations against him and of the procedure to be followed so that he may be in an position to make representations on his own behalf, to appear at the hearing, to prepare his own case and to answer the case against him. The time and location of the hearing must also be properly notified to the reported person.
(b) Opportunity to be heard
The reported person has a right to attend the hearing and be allowed to present his case. If the Disciplinary Panel is satisfied that the reported person has been given adequate notice of the alleged breach and of the time and location of the hearing, they may allow the hearing to proceed if the reported person fails to attend. However, it may not be justifiable to proceed if the time or location fixed for the hearing is such that the person cannot reasonably be expected to attend.
The rule against bias
A person adjudicating on a dispute must have no pecuniary or proprietary interest in the outcome of the proceedings and must not reasonably be suspected, or show a real likelihood, of bias. The rule against bias also provides that a party should not normally be judged by his accuser.

CONDUCT OF A HEARING
H1 A Hearing is not a court of law and the decision of the Chairman of the Hearing on its procedure shall be final. The standard of proof shall be on the balance of probabilities rather than the criminal standard of beyond reasonable doubt.
H2 After receiving a complaint the League Disciplinary Chairman will notify an official of the player(s) club by telephone and email to inform them of the matter reported and of the date of the disciplinary hearing that will consider the case. The League Disciplinary Chairman will ensure the reports of the umpire or complaint are forwarded to a club official whose player(s) or team are the subject of the complaint..
H3 The League Disciplinary Chairman will appoint a panel of three persons. No-one connected with the individual or the club, or their opponents, or a club which might directly benefit from any disciplinary action (eg by the deduction of points),should be a member of the Panel.
H4 The accused person is entitled to be supported by a colleague. There is no right to legal representation but the panel would normally permit the accused person to be legally represented provided the attendance or otherwise of the legal representative is not used as a `delaying tactic' and that their attendance is notified to the League Disciplinary Chairman at least 48 hours before the hearing.
H5 In the case of a minor it is recommended that he should be supported by the club’s Child Welfare Officer or other appropriate adult.
H6 If the complaint has been made by the umpires, they should be available to give evidence at the hearing.
H7 The Panel shall agree the general procedure prior to the commencement of the hearing and the Chairman shall explain that procedure prior to the start of proceedings to all parties.
H8 The Panel will speak through its Chairman only, unless he invites others to speak.
H9 The Player/Club shall be asked if they accept the report and allegations against them. If they do, it should be possible to move to sentencing.
H10 Any reports and written evidence shall be presented and outlined.
H11 Witnesses may be called by parties involved in the hearing and they may be questioned by the Panel.
H12 The Chairman and the Panel will deal with any points arising from the testimony and evidence given.
H13 The Panel will consider their verdict in private. They will ask the defendant(s) to return to the room and the Chairman will deliver the verdict.This will be stated and later confirmed by email. The defendants will be informed by the Disciplinary Panel Chairman of their right to an appeal

APPEALS PROCESS
A1 Notice of appeal against the decision of the Disciplinary Panel, whether as to verdict or sentence, to be given in writing to the League Disciplinary Chairman within 7 days of the decision of the Panel together with a deposit of £50.
A2 The notice of appeal should record the decision or part of the decision against which the appeal is made and the grounds and basis of the appeal.
A3 Any penalty imposed by the Disciplinary Panel should not take effect until the appeal has been heard.
A4 The appeal will be heard by a different Panel appointed by the League Chairman. The Appeal Panel must consist of three people, none of whom should be connected with the individual or the club or their opponents, or a club which might directly benefit from any disciplinary action (e.g. by the deduction of points).
A5 An appeal against the verdict will take the form of a complete re-hearing. The accused person or club shall have the same rights of attendance and representation and the ability to call witnesses as they did at the first hearing.
A6 At an appeal against the sentence, the accused person or club shall have the same rights of attendance and representation as they did at the first hearing.
A7 Decisions of the Appeal Panel shall be by majority vote with the Chairman having a casting vote where necessary. The decision of the Appeal Panel is final and binding.
A8 The Appeal Panel can confirm the Disciplinary Panel's decision, vary it or reverse it. It has the power to increase the penalty and award costs.
A9 The decision of the Appeal Panel and if appropriate the penalty will be communicated to the accused person once the Panel have concluded their deliberations. This verdict will be confirmed by email within 48 hours.
A10 Any sentence will come into force.

 
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Picture: © Mike Baker
 

Only a Disciplinary panel of the Bradford Premier League can decide the appropriate level of sentence. All suspensions will in time not games and result in the player being banned from all cricket. This guide is based on current ECB/YCB tariffs.

LEVEL ONE OFFENCES (Maximum ban 4 weeks Maximum fine £125)
a) Time wasting by either the fielding side or the batting side which results in a 5 run penalty or the bowler being disallowed from bowling any further in that innings.
Punishments: Letter of apology/ reprimand/ warning.
(b) Abuse of cricket ground, equipment or fixtures/fittings.
Punishments: Fine - lower end of scale (maximum £125). 
Severe offence or repetition: Suspension for 1-4 weeks. 
Further repetition: Suspension doubled (maximum 8 weeks).
(c) Showing dissent at an umpire's decision by word or action.
Punishments: Letter of apology/ reprimand/ warning. Fine - lower end of scale (maximum £125). 
Severe offence or repetition: Suspension for 1-4 weeks. 
Further repetition: Suspension doubled (maximum 8 weeks).
(d) Using language that is obscene, offensive or insulting and/or making an obscene gesture.
Punishments: Letter of apology/ reprimand/ warning Fine - lower end of scale (maximum £125). 
Severe offence or repetition: Suspension for 1-4 weeks. 
Further repetition: Suspension doubled (maximum 8 weeks).
(e) Excessive appealing 
Punishments: Letter of apology/ reprimand/ warning.
Repeat offences: Maximum ban 8 weeks.

LEVEL TWO OFFENCES (Maximum ban 16 weeks Maximum fine £250)
(a) Showing serious dissent at an umpire's decision by word or action.
Punishments: Suspension 2-16 weeks. Maximum fine £ 250.
Repeat offence: Minimum ban 6 weeks.
(b) Inappropriate and deliberate physical contact between players in the course of play.
Punishments: Suspension (4-16 weeks).
Repeat offence: Suspension maximum 32 weeks.
Points deduction: Panel can recommend deduction of points where the team captain has failed to exercise his duties under the Spirit of Cricket.
(c) Charging or advancing towards an umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing;
Punishments: Suspension 2-16 weeks. Maximum fine £ 250.
Repeat offence: Minimum ban 6 weeks.
(d) Deliberate and malicious distraction or obstruction on the field of play, regardless as to whether such conduct is deemed unfair under Law 42.5.
Punishments: Suspension 2-16 weeks. Maximum fine £250.
Repeat offence: Minimum ban 6 weeks.
(e) Throwing the ball at or near a player, umpire or official in an inappropriate and dangerous manner;
Punishments: Suspension 2-16 weeks. Maximum fine £250.
Repeat offence: Minimum ban 6 weeks.
(f) Using language or gesture that is obscene or of a seriously insulting nature to another player, umpire, team official or spectator. 
It is acknowledged that there will be verbal exchanges between players in the course of play. Rather than seeking to eliminate these exchanges entirely, umpires will look to act when this falls below an acceptable standard. 
Punishments: Suspension 2-16 weeks maximum fine £250.
Repeat offence: Minimum ban 6 weeks.
(g) Changing the condition of the ball other than as permitted by Law 42.3.
Punishments: Warning or fine maximum £250.
Repeat offence: Suspension 2-8 weeks or fine maximum £250.
(h) Bowling a fast short pitched ball and/or accidental high full pitched ball that results in the bowler being disallowed from bowling any further in that innings.
Punishments: Warning or fine maximum £250.
Repeat offence: Suspension 2-8 weeks or fine maximum £250.
(i) Causing avoidable damage to the pitch that results in a 5 run penalty being awarded under Laws 42.13 and/ or 42.14.
Punishments: Warning or fine maximum £250.
Repeat offence: Suspension 2-8 weeks or fine maximum £250.

LEVEL THREE OFFENCES (Maximum ban 32 weeks Maximum fine £375)
(a) Intimidating an umpire.
Punishments: Reprimand/fine (maximum £375) and or final warning / fine. Suspension if severe (minimum 4 weeks)
Repeat offence: Suspension up to 64 weeks maximum.
(b) Threatening to assault another player, team official or spectator;
Punishments: Reprimand/fine (maximum £375) and or final warning / fine. Suspension if severe (minimum 4 weeks).
Repeat offence: Suspension up to 64 weeks maximum.
(c) Using language or gesture that offend, insult, humiliate, intimidate, threaten, disparage or vilify another person on the basis of that person's race, religion, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin ,sexual orientation or disability.
Punishments: Suspension minimum of 6 weeks maximum fine £375. Club can terminate membership.
Repeat offence: Suspension up to 64 weeks maximum.
d) Deliberately bowling a high full pitched ball which is deemed dangerous and unfair as defined in Law 42.6 (b).
Punishments: Reprimand/fine (maximum £375) and or final warning / fine. Suspension if severe (minimum 4 weeks) 
Repeat offence: Suspension up to 64 weeks maximum.

LEVEL FOUR OFFENCES (Maximum ban sine die Maximum fine £500)
(a) Threatening an umpire or official.
Punishments: Suspension 8-16 weeks minimum – maximum 64 weeks.
Repeat offence: 24 weeks to sine die
(b) Physical assault of another player, umpire, official or spectator.
Punishments: Suspension 12 weeks minimum to 2 years / sine die if severe.
Repeat offence: 24 weeks to sine die
(c) Any act of violence on the field of play.
Punishments: Suspension 12 weeks minimum to 2 years / sine die if severe.
Repeat offence: 24 weeks to sine die
(d) Using language or gesture that seriously offend, insult, humiliate, intimidate, threaten, disparage or vilify another person on the basis of that person's race, religion, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin, sexual orientation or disability.
Punishments: Suspension Minimum 12 weeks.
Repeat offence: 24 weeks to sine die.
For the avoidance of doubt, any breach reported by an umpire involving violence, the threat of violence or physical abuse of any kind shall also be referred to a Disciplinary Panel of the Cricket Discipline Commission.

 
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Picture: © Mike Baker JCT600 Bradford League
 

The results of all cases dealt with by League Disciplinary Panels will appear here while elements of the punishment remain active.

Nov 6, 2014: Rowland Thompson (Spen Victoria)
Aug 15 2015: Craig Wiseman (Pudsey St Lawrence)
Sep 5, 2015: Phil Slater (Bradford & Bingley)
Sep 5, 2015: Chris Thompson (Bradford & Bingley)
Sep 5 2015: Matthew Simpson (Bradford & Bingley)
Sep 5 2015: Craig Field (Hartshead Moor)
Oct 2, 2015: Chris Greenwood (Lightcliffe)